Friday, December 2, 2011

Let's Learn Japanese - I

Hi there!!^_^

This section will give you an overview on how to speak, write and read the Japanese language. This segment is added to help and aid those who would love to learn the language and are unable to join professional courses due to lack of time for proper class or other reasons, for those who would like to get a feel of the Language and would be motivated to join proper classes later on.


I would also try my level best in helping out those of you who’ve already been taking classes and are about to or will be taking the JLPT exams. However, before we begin, one needs to understand that the best way to learn is always to find a professional teacher who has attained a degree in the language and as a teacher. Since I have neither, I hope you understand that my knowledge is limited.^^”. You are always welcome to share your views, ask questions when in doubt and I will do my best to answer as fast as I can.>o<. With that, let us begin! ^o^

FACTS That you will need to know :
  • The Japanese language is called “nihongo”in Japanese, where Nihon means Japan and “go” means language.  :) 
  • The Japanese language has three scripts, viz
    1. Hiragana - This script is used to write any word that has Japanese origins. Like, “tamago”(egg). 
    2. Katakana - This script is used to write any word that has foreign origins. Like, “Pascon” (Personal Computer) 
    3. Kanji - This script is used to pictorially depict any word. The Japanese language has many similar sounding words but different Kanji to explain the difference in meaning. Kanji might sound like a curse, but as you slowly learn to be at home with the language you will start to appriciate the benifits of having Kanji. 
    4. Romaji” is the term used when Japanese is written using the Roman/Latin script. I will be using Romaji along with the other three scripts, using each at appropriate places. If all goes well, you too will be able to read and undersand all four soon. :)

Unlike any of the tutorials on the net, I want to teach you guys how to write and read along with how to speak. ^_^. After all, wouldn’t  you just love to be able to stare at those Japanese alphabets you see while watching anime and exclaim “HEY,I KNOW WHAT THAT MEANS!!!”? During my initial days of learning, every time I could recogonise a Kanji, it used to give me a thrill! :D. So while learning, let's learn it properly!

Pronunciation of alphabets




The Japanese language has 46 basic alphabets, 25 modified alphabets and a few combined alphabets. This is true for both Hiragana and Katakana script. However, these are very easy to learn and remember. So, let us begin. ^o^
Basic alphabets:

a
i
u
e
o
ka
ki
ku
ke
ko
sa
shi
su
se
so
ta
chi
tsu
te
to
na
ni
nu
ne
no
ha
hi
fu
he
ho
ma
mi
mu
me
mo
ya

yu

yo
ra
ri
ru
re
ro
wa



wo
n






 Modified alphabets:

ga gi gu ge go
za ji zu ze zo
da ji zu de do
ba bi bu be bo
pa pi pu pe po

The combined alphabets are made adding “ya, yu and yo” to the “ki, gi, shi, ji, chi, ji, ni, hi, bi, pi, mi and ri” alphabets.  This will look and feel easier after you’ve practiced a fair few times. Don’t be afraid and give it a try.

Combined alphabets:

kya kyu kyo
gya gyu gyo
sha shu sho
jya jyu jyo
chya chyu chyo
jya jyu jyo
nya nyu nyo
hya hyu hyo
bya byu byo
pya pyu pyo
mya my myo
rya ryu ryo

Here are the Japanese counterparts of the above, In both Hiragana and Katakana.



Now, you need to know that Japanese language has five vowels “a,i,u,e,o” and the remaining alphabets barring “n” are consonants that have been combined with the five vowels. “n” is a standalone consonant and sometimes its pronunciation changes to “m”. However, at all times, the written form remains “n”.

How to write:


Today on how to write, we we learn how to correctly write the first five alphabets in the Hiragana script. The five vowels. Please note the stroke orders as it is important to follow the strokes at all times. Just press play to begin ^^.


That was easy enough wasn’t it?^_^

Some new words:

Let us learn some words in Japanese.^__^. Later, I will also teach you how to form simple sentences using these words.
n.b. - “ou” is to stress on the elongation of “o”.
(Press the button to listen to the pronunciations.:)





VEGETABLES yasai
FRUITS kudamono
ANIMALS doubutsu
PLANTS shokubutsu
BIRDS tori
YEAR toshi, nen
MONTH getsu, gatsu
DAY hi, bi, nichi
SUPERMARKET suppa
APARTMENT        apaato

I know at this point you are all thinking “boring words” but stocking up your vocabulary on these words will come in handy later on.^_^.

This is all for this tutorial. In the next one, We will be learning how to form simple sentences and Japanese greetings, so till then, practice hard, ne!^__^.
I hope you found this tutorial helpful, fun and easy to learn. I didn’t know how best to teach so I took a lot of references from how my sensei teaches in class. Many thanks to Ruma sensei.:3

Thankyou,

Nia Dutta.

2 comments:

Abhishek said...

Good.good

Saya-Nyaa said...

thankyouuuuuuuuuuuuuuuuuuuuuuuuuuuuuuu >3<